There are different kinds and levels of tests from the physiological point of view and according to the sport you practice, the time you dedicate to it, your fit level and your goals to achieve. These tests will allow you to know:
- Health condition, that is to say, if you have any ailment that contraindicates any high level physical activity (cardiovascular system anomalies in adaptation to exercise, systolic and diastolic blood pressure disruption, glucose curve kinetic disruption, etc.), it is unavoidable for any who makes sport regularly or for any who wants to start doing it. It can prevent further consequences that are hidden and not known at the moment.
- Fit condition according to the sport, age and sex.
- Genetic potential or response to training margin, in other words, which physiologic aspects of your physiology can be improved and how much. How you are in relation to your “biological ceiling” and improvement possibilities. We will also know your predisposition for some sport specialties.
- Strong and weak spots of your cardiovascular and metabolic system in order to maximize your performance and avoid risky situations.
- Training features and parameters and the effect of your training plan just to check if it is the proper one.
- Behavior and response of your organism to the effort, something, unavoidable as much for the occasional as for the pro sportsperson.
- The convenient use of new technologies like heart rate monitors, dynamometers, accelerometers, speedometers and GPS depending on the obtained results, etc.
You can see a clear example of an athlete test here.